What does chemotherapy do to cancer cells

Some drugs damage cells at the point of splitting. All of these decisions will depend on the type of cancer, where it is, how big it is, and how it affects your normal body functions and overall health. So where there was 1 cell, there are now 2. Chemotherapy drugs that kill cancer cells only when they are dividing are called cell-cycle specific. Cancer cells no longer have the normal checks and balances in place that control and limit cell division.

How Is Chemotherapy Used to Treat Cancer?

Chemotherapy anti-neoplastic drugs is divided into five classes based on how they work to kill cancer. The most common types of cancers treated with internal radiation therapy are: There are three main goals for chemotherapy chemo in cancer treatment:.

You will enter the website momentarily. The cell cycle goes from the resting phase, through active growing phases, and then to mitosis division.

what does chemotherapy do to cancer cells

Some side effects such as sickness or diarrhoea might only happen during the days you are actually having the drugs. Radiation therapy is the use of high-energy particles or waves to destroy or damage cancer cells.

External treatments include: Call freephone or email us. Examples of cancers where chemotherapy works very well are testicular cancer and Hodgkin lymphoma.

what does chemotherapy do to cancer cells

But it can help in combination with other types of treatment. Chemo used in this way is called neoadjuvant therapy.

How Chemotherapy Works

It may be used with other treatments if your cancer comes back. Again, the key is to give enough chemo to kill the cancer cells without causing other serious problems.

Injection into muscle, vein, or artery Orally Injection into the body such as the abdomen Direct skin application Chemotherapy side effects Chemo side effects vary depending on the type and amount of chemotherapy drug used and how the body reacts to it.

Role of antioxidants in cancer therapy. If cure is not possible, the goal may be to control the disease.

Cancer Cells and Chemotherapy

Unfortunately, chemotherapy does not know the difference between cancer cells and the normal cells. So it can treat cancer cells almost anywhere in the body.

what does chemotherapy do to cancer cells

In other cases, less may be known about the single best way to treat people with certain types and stages of cancer. The ability of chemotherapy to kill cancer cells depends on its ability to halt cell division. Doctors call this "adjuvant" chemotherapy because it's given in addition to surgery, which is considered the primary treatment.